In the Project Area we can see rocks of the Cuiu Cuiu regional basement Complex and Creporizão/Parauari (Granitic facies) intrusive suites. The Cuiu Cuiu Complex is formed by medium to high grade metamorphic rocks of with associated plutonic rocks. It consists of gneisses of varying composition, amphibolites and granitoids rocks ranging from granodiorite to tonalite, with subordinate monzogranite and diorites. Read more
The Creporizão suite has been described as representing a set of granitic batholiths, sometimes with protomylonites features and amphibolite facies metamorphic grade, sometimes with predominantly igneous features attributed to deformation resulting from the emplacement process in the crust. The Paleoproterozoic unit consists of syenogranites, monzogranites with subordinate granodiorites and more rarely tonalites and quartz-diorites, distributed according to regional NW-SE shear trend, intruded into the Cuiu Cuiu Complex rocks.
The Parauari intrusive suite is represented by batholiths or elliptical stocks elongated in the NW-SE trend, forming irregular and rectangular segments resulting from the intersection of NW-SE NE-SW and NS lineaments.
Paleoproterozoic in age the unit is divided into three facies according to petrochemical and geochronological characteristics. The granodioritic facies consists of granodiorite with biotite and/or hornblende, subordinate monzogranite and rarely tonalites, quartz-monzonite, quartzodioritos and diorites. The granitc facies consists of monzogranite, syenogranites with biotite and/or hornblende, with pink to whitish gray color. Rocks are equigranular and inequigranular and also porphyritic, medium to coarse grained. The lithotypes from this facies contains magnetite and molybdenite and hosts quartz veins carrying gold and sulfides. The granitic facies with titanite consists of monzogranites with biotite and/or hornblende and rarely syenogranites and granodiorites. They are leucocratic rocks with pink to reddish color, equigranular texture and medium to coarse grained.
In the Patrocínio region, gold is mainly associated with quartz veins with the presence of sulfides (pyrite). These veins are embedded in granite rocks, with small alteration haloes mainly composed of sericite and chlorite.
In the “garimpos” pits the presence of coarse granites with K-feldspar is common, and when sulfides are present, reasonable grades of gold can be found. The observed mineralization style has similarities to that described by Julian et al 2001 from the Batalhas and Rosas de Maio granites, where the mineralization is classified as Porphyry Au Type.
The most potent (metric) veins, have mainly NW-SE direction, while centimetric veinlets identified in the shafts, are preferred of NE-SW direction. These two systems of veins represent the main occurrences of primary gold in the region, where the thicker veins are mined in open pits and the others mined with the excavation of shafts and galleries